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Images of the Past - A Russian Grand Duke, Gen. Custer, Traditional use of Tatanka (buffalo) Educational Resources (Also lower Left - PDF)

During this activity your students will learn about the traditional use of buffalo parts and their location on the buffalo. They will also learn about a time when the Tsar of Russia contacted American President U.S. Grant in an effort to build a stronger relationship between the two nations. IOTP
Images of the Past - Build It: Scale Images of the Past - Build It: Scale Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDFs)

During this activity your students will construct 3 “scaled” models of the Flick Cabin in Custer, SD. This is a perfect engineering/math activity for an afterschool group, club or elementary class. IOTP
Images of the Past - Capacity: Gallon, Quart and More Capacity: Gallon, Quart and More Activity (Also lower Left - PDF)

During this activity your students will participate in a hands-on activity in which they will practice using customary units of measure for capacity (volume), including gallons, quarts, cups, liters and more. Your students will also learn about the dams on the Missouri River, including the Oahe Dam which has the 4th largest reservoir in the United States.

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.
Images of the Past - Ellsworth Air Force Base: Construction & 44th Missile Wing Bernoulli's: Flight/Lift? Educational Resources (Also lower Left - PDF)

This lab write-up includes many demonstrations that highlight Bernoulli’s Principle. The lab write-up starts with flight/lift and continues with additional related demonstrations. Each section includes a small explanation and related video lesson. A detailed explanation of Bernoulli’s Principle, with related web resources (flight, airfoils, forces, etc.), is also included.
Images of the Past - History Blog Images of the Past: History Blog Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDFs)

During this activity your students will review many blogs entries. Then your students will write a historical blog about an event that took place in your community. Your students will also learn about the career of Jessie Yuill Sundstrom, whose papers, photographs and manuscript collection detail an incredible lifelong commitment to Black Hills history. IOTP

Images of the Past - I-Spy: That’s Not My Habitat I-Spy: That’s Not My Habitat Educational Resources (Also lower Left - PDF)

During this activity your students will participate in a hands-on observation/habitat challenge. Your students will also learn about Horatio Ross, who discovered gold in 1874 on French Creek near what is now Custer, SD.
Images of the Past - Pheasant: Take Aim, Focus, Draw Pheasant: Take Aim, Focus, Draw Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDF)

During this activity your students will learn about the sport of bird watching, which is one of America’s favorite pastimes with more than 50 million birders enjoying the activity in the United States. Your students will learn basic bird watching techniques, like the best time during the day to view birds and how to select the correct location. Then your students will draw a picture of a bird they viewed and/or make a digital photo album for their computer desktop. (Images of the Past Online)

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.
Images of the Past - Presidential Visits to South Dakota: Calvin Coolidge South Dakota - Visits by the Presidents Educational Resources (Also lower Left - PDF)

President Calvin Coolidge and Mrs. Calvin Coolidge spent the summer of 1927 in the Black Hills and made Custer State Park the “Summer White House”, the whole territory turned out to make this the finest vacation anyone could possibly enjoy. IOTP

Images of the Past - Spearfish Main Street - 1913 Spearfish Main Street - 1913 Educational Resources (Also lower Left - PDF)

Film shot in 1913 shows Spearfish Main Street looking north from Hudson Street. The film was likely shot as a promotion for the town, and the street scene was probably intended to show how busy and prosperous the community was. At the time, Spearfish had a population of about 1100 people. The film shows cars and other motorized vehicles. A few horses can be seen, including a horse pulling a wagon across from east to west across Main Street traffic.

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.
Images of the Past - The Hot Springs Mammoth Site: How the Site was Discovered George Hanson and son Dan Hanson, describe the find.

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.
Images of the Past - The Hot Springs Mammoth Site: Original Exploration Dr. Agenbroad, Chief Scientist, Site Director describes the original exploration of the site.

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.
Images of the Past - The Men Who Made Rushmore The Men Who Made Rushmore Educational Resources (Also lower Left - PDF)

Excerpts from the 1992 documentary "The Men Who Made Rushmore" combine film shot during the carving of Mount Rushmore with Interviews of workers fifty years after the project came to an end. The men describe some of the equipment and techniques they used and talk about what it was like to work on the Monument. A survivor of one of the few serious accidents during the 14-years of carving talks about what happened.

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.
Images of the Past - Trick Rider Mattie Goff at the 1927 Faith, SD Rodeo Rodeo: An Abstract Look Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDF)

During this activity your students will create an abstract painting or drawing using lines, forms, textures, shapes, color, etc. Your students will select an event in the video and recreate the mood/feeling by creating the abstract piece.

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.
Images of the Past - Wind Cave: Formation The Senses: Smell, Touch, Hearing and More! Activity (Also lower Left - PDF)

During this activity your students will participate in a hands-on activity in which they will explore their senses, including their sense of touch, smell, hearing, sight and taste. Your students will also learn about the formation of caves in the Black Hills.

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.
Images of the Past - Wind Cave: History The Senses: Smell, Touch, Hearing and More! Activity (Also lower Left - PDF)

During this activity your students will participate in a hands-on activity in which they will explore their senses, including their sense of touch, smell, hearing, sight and taste. Your students will also learn about the formation of caves in the Black Hills.

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.
Images of the Past - Wind Study: For a Lifetime Wind Study: For a Lifetime Educational Resources (Also lower Left - PDF)

Wind Study: For a Lifetime

During this activity your students will learn about two 1930s balloon flights launched near Rapid City that provided invaluable scientific data about the nature of the Earth's atmosphere at the edge of space, also setting an altitude record that would stand for 21 years. The students will then participate in a qualitative wind speed study. IOTP
Images of the Past | Controlling Density: Ballast Tank Images of the Past | Controlling Density: Ballast Tank Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDFs)

During this activity your students will learn about the process in which submarines use ballast tanks to change their density resulting in ascending and descending in water. They will also learn about the sinking of the American naval ship, the USS Maine, on February 15, 1898. IOTP

density, household items, investigate, inquire, hands-on activity, sink, float, experiment, construct, weight, volume, kitchen, Archimedes, submarine, ballast tanks, ascending, descending, water, USS Maine, Camp Dewey, Spanish-American War
Images of the Past | Density: Just Right Images of the Past | Density: Just Right Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDFs)

During this hands-on activity your students will complete one or more tasks in which they will use household items to investigate density. They will gather data to establish the point at which a sealed container floats, hovers and sinks in water. Then they will use the data to hover a container (submarine) with a given amount of additional cargo. IOTP

density, household items, investigate, inquire, hands-on activity, sink, float, experiment, construct, weight, volume, kitchen, Archimedes, submarine, ballast tanks, ascending, descending, water, USS Maine, Camp Dewey, Spanish-American War
Images of the Past | Pressure - Wind Energy Images of the Past | Pressure - Wind Energy Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDFs)

During this activity your students will conduct a hands-on science activity in which they will learn how decreasing the volume of a container increases the pressure resulting in the movement of air. They will use the movement of air to complete a task. They will also learn about milestones in transportation and travel in the Black Hills, including the arrival of explorers and fur trappers, the U.S. military, prospectors, business people, farmers, and other settlers. IOTP

wind, energy, hands-on science activity, decreasing volume, increase pressure, air, inquire, inquiry, transportation, travel, Black Hills, explorers, fur trapper, prospectors, settlers, rails, trails, roads. stagecoach, locomotive, Boyle's law
Images of the Past | Stagecoach Travel: 1st Law of Motion Images of the Past | Stagecoach Travel: 1st Law of Motion Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDFs)

During this activity your students will learn about the often unglamorous and harsh realities of stagecoach travel. They will also participate in a hands-on activity in which they will use coaster wagons to investigate Newton’s 1st Law of Motion. IOTP

Inertia, constant velocity, Newton’s 1st Law of Motion Law of Inertia, unbalanced net force, weight, mass, demonstrations, inquire, inquiry, stagecoach, travel, hands-on activity, wagons, investigate accelerate, decelerate, change in direction
Images of the Past: Black Hills State University – 1913 (Lesson and Video) Images of the Past: Black Hills State University –1913

Lesson Plan (Also lower left - PDF)

Activity: Narration Exercise - The 1913 film introduces many interesting questions; why were the elementary students, the student teachers that were teaching the elementary students and the faculty gathered in front of the school? Why was the camera focused above the adults (concentrating on the building) during the first part of the film? There were sawhorses in front of the building; was this a dedication, the first day of school or an open house? There are many unanswered questions that will probably never be answered.

This historical film lacks a component which is necessary for the true account of this event; there is no narration, script or description available. To reinforce the importance of the written account of history, the students will develop a fictitious narration for the film or a section of the film. Access the lesson plan for activity idea.

The history of Black Hills State University as a public educational institution begins with an act passsed by the Dakota Territorial Legislature in 1881 and a provisional appropriation of building funds in 1883: If Spearfish and surrounding communities could obtain at least forty acres of land and hand over the deed to the Territorial government, the legislature would fund the construction of a school, "the exclusive purpose of which (would) be the instruction of persons both male and female in the art of teaching and in all the various branches that pertain to a good common school education."

Images of the Past Online

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.

(school, history, BHSU, black hills state university, south Dakota history, Dakota Territorial Legislature, 1881, provisional appropriation of building funds, 1883, Spearfish, government, instruction, teacher, teach, teaching, education, 1883 Dakota Territorial Normal School, 1885-1922 Spearfish Normal ("Dakota Normal" and "State Normal"), 1941 Black Hills Teachers)

Images of the Past: Crescent Creamery From Farm to Table Educational Resources (Also lower Left - PDF)

The following resource has information about making cheese in the classroom, a video about a 1928 dairy in South Dakota and more.

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.
Images of the Past: Custer State Park Buffalo Roundup (Lesson and Video) Buffalo: Controlling Population Growth Lesson Plan

Related resources provided by the South Dakota State Historical Society:
Lesson Plan / Buffalo Head Sections

(Lessons also found lower left - PDFs)

Buffalo have had a place in Custer State Park since the first herd of 36 animals was brought to the park in 1914. Thriving in their native habitat, the herd quickly outgrew the amount of forage available on the park's pastures and rangelands. Park managers faced the prospect of losing both the rangeland and the buffalo, but they knew that by occasionally gathering together almost all of the buffalo and culling a select few from the herd, the forage would be conserved and the buffalo and other grazing animals in the park would likely have enough to eat year after year.

During this activity your students will learn about the efforts at Custer State Park and Badlands National Park to maintain a healthy buffalo (American Bison) population by facilitating an annual roundup. Your students will also learn about traditional uses of tatanka (buffalo) by Native Americans, about the size of a buffalo head and how organisms coexist in an ecosystem by playing a hands-on game. (Images of the Past Online)

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.
Images of the Past: Density Bowling Density Bowling Educational Resources (Also lower Left - PDF)

During this activity your students will learn about the Lead Opera House and Recreation Center opened in 1914 as a gift from the Homestake Mining Company to the people of Lead. They will also use household items to investigate density. They will complete an activity in which they will construct a density tube and use it in a game of Density Bowling. IOTP
Images of the Past: Engineering: Building a Tower Engineering: Building a Tower Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDFs)

During this activity your students will learn about the process of extracting gold ore from the earth and extracting gold from the ore. The students will see how the process changed over time but the end result was the same, gold bullion of greater or lesser purity. They will also learn that it took a great deal of ore to produce an ounce of gold; and they will see how massive machines made the process possible. The students will look for historical clues in the video footage to help identify the age of the video. The students will then participate in a hands-on activity in which they will build a simple tower that will convey the importance of starting with a solid foundation/base when designing a machine or building. IOTP

engineering, building, tower, gold, ore, mine, bullion, ounce of gold, hands-on, foundation, extracting gold
Images of the Past: Faith, SD Fair and Rodeo - 1927, Part One Rodeo: An Abstract Look Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDF)

During this activity your students will create an abstract painting or drawing using lines, forms, textures, shapes, color, etc. Your students will select an event in the video and recreate the mood/feeling by creating the abstract piece.

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.
Images of the Past: Faith, SD Fair and Rodeo - 1927, Part Two Rodeo: An Abstract Look Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDF)

During this activity your students will create an abstract painting or drawing using lines, forms, textures, shapes, color, etc. Your students will select an event in the video and recreate the mood/feeling by creating the abstract piece.

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.
Images of the Past: Golden Reward Mine - Cyanidation process Compound vs. Mixture: A Simple Separation Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDF)

Supplemental Video

During this activity your students will learn about compounds and mixtures. They will learn how a chemical change (reaction) is needed to break apart a compound and how mixtures can be separated by physical procedures. Your students will learn how workers at the Golden Reward Mine used a cyanide solution to chemically remove gold and silver from the ore they mined. Then your students will complete an activity in which they will use physical techniques to break apart a mixture. (Images of the Past Online)

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.
Images of the Past: Golden Reward Mine Blast Compound vs. Mixture: A Simple Separation Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDF)

Supplemental Video

During this activity your students will learn about compounds and mixtures. They will learn how a chemical change (reaction) is needed to break apart a compound and how mixtures can be separated by physical procedures. Your students will learn how workers at the Golden Reward Mine used a cyanide solution to chemically remove gold and silver from the ore they mined. Then your students will complete an activity in which they will use physical techniques to break apart a mixture. (Images of the Past Online)

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.
Images of the Past: Inquiry: Heat Transfer Inquiry: Heat Transfer Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDFs)

Related Video - Inside an icehouse (PBS LearningMedia)

During this activity your students will design an experiment in which they will investigate the transfer of heat. This is a perfect science activity for an afterschool group, club or elementary through high school science class. IOTP
Images of the Past: Lesson Plan: Mammoth Site (Archeologist: Unearth a Flower) Archeologist: Unearth a Flower Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDF)

During this activity your students will learn how the discovery of a single old bone lead to the development of one of the world's premier fossil beds. Your students will also complete an activity in which they will learn that fossils are very delicate and that extreme care must be taken when the fossils are excavated. (Images of the Past Online)
Images of the Past: Mount Rushmore (Calvin Coolidge I) Mount Rushmore (Calvin Coolidge I) Educational Resources (Also lower Left - PDF)

The following film was recorded on August 10, 1927, showing President Calvin Coolidge riding a horse to the dedication of the Mount Rushmore site. There are also views of Mount Rushmore as it looked before carving began.

In the next clip, a narrator provides some detail about the events of the dedication. Coolidge addressed the assembly and presented sculptor Gutzon Borglum with steel drill bits, symbolically providing the tools to get the carving underway. (Images of the Past Online)

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.
Images of the Past: Mount Rushmore (Calvin Coolidge II) Mount Rushmore (Calvin Coolidge II) Educational Resources (Also lower Left - PDF)

The following film was recorded on August 10, 1927, a narrator provides some detail about the events of the dedication. Coolidge addressed the assembly and presented sculptor Gutzon Borglum with steel drill bits, symbolically providing the tools to get the carving underway.

In the next clip, President Calvin Coolidge is shown riding a horse to the dedication of the Mount Rushmore site. There are also views of Mount Rushmore as it looked before carving began. (Images of the Past Online)

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.
Images of the Past: Mount Rushmore (President Franklin Delano Roosevelt) Mount Rushmore (President Franklin Delano Roosevelt) Educational Resources (Also lower Left - PDF)

On August 30, 1936 President Franklin Delano Roosevelt visited the Black Hills to dedicate the Jefferson sculpture. The video contains two newsreel films. In the second, Roosevelt is shown speaking extemporaneously about the significance of Mount Rushmore and its place in history.

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.
Images of the Past: Observation Skills and Directions Images of the Past: Observation Skills and Directions Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDFs)

During this lesson your students will complete one or more tasks in which they will enhance their observation skills and ability to follow directions. They will also learn about Custer’s Historical Stagecoach lines which provided daily accommodations for travelers from rail-heads at Sidney, Nebraska and Cheyenne, Wyoming. These are perfect activities for an afterschool group, club, elementary class or for home use. IOTP

observation skills, directions, stagecoach, Nebraska, Wyoming, stage coach, travel, prior knowledge, observe, map, cardinal directions, Left, Right, North, South, East, West, degrees, nonstandard units, obstacle course, commands
Images of the Past: Oldest Artifact Images of the Past: Oldest Artifact Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDFs)

During this activity your students will learn about the Rebecca Goodwin Bonnet which is the oldest preserved artifact at the Siouxland Heritage Museum. Each student will research their family’s oldest known artifact and document its history. IOTP
Images of the Past: President Dwight Eisenhower Visits South Dakota South Dakota - Visits by the Presidents Educational Resources (Also lower Left - PDF)

Many presidents have visited South Dakota. Film footage of President Calvin Coolidge, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, President Dwight Eisenhower and President John F. Kennedy are highlighted in the resource above.

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.
Images of the Past: President John F. Kennedy Visits South Dakota South Dakota - Visits by the Presidents Educational Resources (Also lower Left - PDF)

Many presidents have visited South Dakota. Film footage of President Calvin Coolidge, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, President Dwight Eisenhower and President John F. Kennedy are highlighted in the resource above.

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.
Images of the Past: Reaction Rate: Surface Area Reaction Rate: Surface Area Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDFs)

During this activity your students will learn about a tragic 1930 fire at the Ellison Shaft, Homestake Gold Mine, which claimed the life of two men. They will also use household items to investigate how an increase in the surface area of a solid reactant increases the reaction rate of a chemical reaction. Finally, they will learn how adding chemicals like aspirin to a sewer system is damaging to the environment and water supply. IOTP
Images of the Past: Signage…Free Water? Signage…Free Water? Educational Resources (Also lower Left - PDF)

During this activity your students will design a billboard, tweet and Facebook entry that will encourage people to visit a specific location like a town, business, state park, etc. Your students will also learn about Wall Drug and the simple, but incredibly effective marketing strategy that made a small town pharmacy world-famous. IOTP
Images of the Past: Sioux Falls area Snowstorm of 1909 Terminal Velocity: Coffee Filter Educational Resources (Also lower Left - PDF)

During this activity your students will learn about memorable South Dakota blizzards. They will also use coffee filters to investigate air resistance, friction and terminal velocity. IOTP
Images of the Past: Skiing at Terry Peak (Lesson and Video) Images of the Past: Skiing at Terry Peak

Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDF)

Incline: Safety First (Engineering) - During this activity your students will construct, test and modify a shuttle that will safety transport passengers (3 eggs) down a slope. This is a perfect engineering activity for an afterschool group, club or elementary-high school science class. Access the lesson plan for activity idea.

Images of the Past Online Terry Peak is located in the northern Black Hills of South Dakota, near Lead. The history of organized, recreational skiing on Terry Peak dates back to at least 1938 and a group of area ski enthusiasts calling themselves the Bald Mountain Ski Club. The Bald Mountain Ski Club installed a rope tow up on Stewart Slope, and so began Terry Peak Ski Area.

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.

(physics, physical science, incline plane, gravity, science, simple machine, engineering, hypothesis, testing, forces, force, rise over run)

Images of the Past: Spearfish Aviation - 1913 Bernoulli’s Principle (Demonstrations) Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDF)

The lab write-up above includes many demonstrations that highlight Bernoulli’s Principle. The lab write-up starts with flight/lift and continues with additional related demonstrations. Each section includes a small explanation and related video lesson. A detailed explanation of Bernoulli’s Principle, with related web resources (flight, airfoils, forces, etc.), is also included. (airplane, air plane)

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.
Images of the Past: Spearfish Aviation - 1938 Bernoulli’s Principle (Demonstrations) Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDF)

The lab write-up above includes many demonstrations that highlight Bernoulli’s Principle. The lab write-up starts with flight/lift and continues with additional related demonstrations. Each section includes a small explanation and related video lesson. A detailed explanation of Bernoulli’s Principle, with related web resources (flight, airfoils, forces, etc.), is also included. (airplane, air plane)

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.
Images of the Past: Spearfish Canyon 1938 Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDF)

Tourism Promotion: Then & Now - During this activity your students will compare and contrast a South Dakota promotional film from 1938 to modern South Dakota tourism videos. Then your students will write a promotional Tweet or Facebook entry encouraging their family/friends to visit a destination in South Dakota.

Tourism is big business in South Dakota and it has been for a long time. The following information from the South Dakota Department of Tourism illustrates this point.

Images of the Past Online A promotional film produced by the Chicago Northwestern Railroad shows people enjoying various recreational activities in the Black Hills in 1938. The film would have likely been shown in movie theaters before the featured film.

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.

(tourism, horses, animals, black hills, hiking, fishing, Potato Creek Jonny, geodes)
Images of the Past: Stereotypical Images Images of the Past: Stereotypical Images Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDFs)

Your students will participate in an activity in which they will contemplate stereotypical images and preconceived notions. Then your students will learn about Potato Creek Johnny (John Perrett) and a life changing gold nugget he found on May 27, 1929. The nugget he discovered was over four inches long, resembling the shape of a woman’s leg. The stereotypical images and preconceived notions activity should be completed before you show the students any images of Potato Creek Johnny. IOTP
Images of the Past: Texting While Driving Texting How Far? Lesson Plan / Student Handout (Also lower Left - PDFs)

The Dangers of Texting While Driving - During this lab your students will participate in a hands-on activity in which they will convert miles/hour to ft/sec. They will calculate the speed of an object. Then, they will calculate how far an object travels in a specific time based on a given rate. Next, they will test how long it takes to send and read a text message. The times obtained will be used to calculate how far a car travels at different rates during a text message. Finally, they will learn about Thomas L. Fawick of Sioux Falls who built the Fawick Flyer, which was the first four-door automobile ever manufactured in the U.S. IOTP
Images of the Past: The 1912 SD State Fair IMAGES OF THE PAST The South Dakota State Fair - SDPB Television travels through time with a program based on rare video footage of the 1912 State Fair in Huron. Images of the Past The South Dakota State Fair takes us back a century, to a time when people dressed up for the Fair and our agricultural roots were a far larger part of South Dakota life. The 17 minutes of silent video included in the program reveals culture and lifestyles of the past. The film was provided by the South Dakota State Historical Society. We’ll learn how the historic film was discovered, look at some of the same locations a century later and see some vintage photographs, as well. (South Dakota State Historical Society) / High Resolution Video)

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.
Images of the Past: The Glendoris (Latchstring) Inn Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDF)

During this activity your students will learn about the Glendoris (Latchstring) Inn, located in Spearfish Canyon. They will learn how the Inn changed over time and also how the transportation in and out of Spearfish Canyon changed.

Pre-settlement visitors to Spearfish Canyon in the northern Black Hills of South Dakota faced a nearly impassable tangle of woods and brush growing wild along the fast-moving stream now called Spearfish Creek. The only way in was on foot or by horse or mule.

The discovery of gold in the Hills and rapid growth in mining, timber, and related industries brought the first railroad line through the Canyon in 1893. The line connected Spearfish to Lead and Deadwood via the little town of Savoy, home of the McLaughlin Tie and Timber sawmill.

When the Mill closed in 1906, Glen Inglis purchased the small log cabin that served as the mill's office. In 1907 Inglis and his wife Doris opened the Glendoris Inn and Spearfish Canyon had its first lodge and eatery. Business was good. The Inglis' built new rooms adjacent to the original structure and added cabins to the grounds. (Additional information about the Glendoris (Latchstring) Inn and photos)

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.
Images of the Past: The Haas Plesiosaur Fossil The Haas Plesiosaur Fossil Educational Resources (Also lower Left - PDF)

Complete the following activity - Many times it can be difficult for students to understand the meticulous and tedious process of removing fill/material from and around a fossil. During the following activity your students will bury a flower and then unearth it without damaging any part of the flower.
Images of the Past: The Open Cut - Subsidence The Open Cut - Subsidence Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDF)

During this activity your students will learn about the history of the Open Cut surface mine in Lead, SD. Your students will also learn about the issue of land subsidence in Lead which was due to poor backfilling/stabilization practices during the mining of gold. Then your students will complete an activity in which they will use materials like sand and coffee grounds to understand the importance of backfilling and stabilization. (Images of the Past Online)

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.
Images of the Past: The Queen Bee Mill - Simple Machines Simple Machines Educational Resources (Also lower Left - PDF)

During this activity your students will construct a machine, made of simple machines, which will perform a specific task. They will also learn about the Queen Bee Mill which was located at Falls Park, Sioux Falls. IOTP
Images of the Past: Three Sioux Falls Schools - 1928 Point of View: First & Third Person Lesson Plan (Also lower Left - PDF)

During this activity your students will practice writing using first person and third person points of view. They will learn how pronouns like I, me, my, mine, myself, we, us and ours are used to write first person point of view. They will also learn how pronouns like them, they, he, she, his, her, and theirs are used to write the third person point of view. (Images of the Past Online)

Tip for viewing an imbedded player. Try the following to reduce pixilation when enlarging the video. Click “View” on the top of the browser, then click “Zoom”, then increase the size. I normally increase to a size between 250% and 300%, then scroll to the player. The player is larger and there is no pixilation. To reverse, click “View” and reduce to 100%.

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Education and Outreach Department
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