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Dakota Pathways Episode 1 - Rails and Other Roads Dakota Pathways Resources

A look at the history of the State of South Dakota through the human migration through the region. From the earliest times, humans have made use of animal trails, streams and rivers to traverse the area now known as South Dakota. This episode looks at the varieties of transportation used by the people of the region. From roads and rivers through railroads and super-highways we explore how transportation has affected the development of our state.

(travel, plane, highway, locomotive, stagecoach, wagon train, homestead act, travois, cattle drives, bridge, automobile, boat)


Dakota Pathways Episode 10 - Headlines and Bulletins Dakota Pathways Resources

The white settlement of the Dakotas brought with it an invention from the fifteenth century, the printing press. Newspapers played a vital role in the region, keeping people informed of the news and allowing them to print land notices. Later on, the inventions of radio and television augmented the newspapers. The history of the state can be read in the headlines and bulletins of the times. They all continue to play a role in our state's development.

(Native American, Indian, gold, Rapid City Journal, Argus Leader, Press and Dakotan, The Weekly Dakotan, Dakota Democrat, telegraph, Frank Baum, Alice Gossage, WNAX, Ida McNeil, KGFX, KELO, KOTA)
Dakota Pathways Episode 11 - Blackboards and Computers Dakota Pathways Resources

Even since territorial days, citizens of the present state of South Dakota have been concerned with the education of their children. From the early log cabins that served as the first schoolhouses to the present day modern schools, citizens have always put education first in their list of concerns. This episode looks at the history of education in South Dakota and how we have progressed from blackboards to computers and what this has meant to the growth of the state.

(Sioux, one room country school, technology, Bon Homme County, harvest, technical school, Dakota Territory - Yankton, Superintendent William Beadle, college, university, property tax, library, school board, Sputnik, consolidation, disabilities, boarding schools, dormitory, reservation school, traditional, teacher, educator)
Dakota Pathways Episode 12 - Maps and Borders Dakota Pathways Resources

Even before the white man entered the upper mid-west region of the United States, borders have marked the various territories of the people living in the region. With the advancement of the white culture those borders have become less fluid. Even so, the borders of South Dakota have changed with the times. This episode looks at how borders have affected our growth as a state and influenced how we live.

(Verendrye Plate, Indians, Native Americans, French-British War, Louisiana Purchase, War of 1812, Dakota Territory, State Borders, Allotment Act, Homestead Act, of Napoleon Bonaparte, Lewis and Clark, satellites, USGS EROS Data Center, Independence Peace Garden, survey, explorers, cartography, Manuel Lisa, France, Spain, Lincolnland, reservation, Fort Laramie Treaty, Star Spangled Banner)
Dakota Pathways Episode 12 - Maps and Borders (Clip) South Dakota DOE - Oceti Sakowin Essential Understandings and Standards
(Essential Understanding 1: OSEUS1)
(Essential Understanding 6: OSEUS6)

Dakota Pathways: Maps and Borders (Dakota Pathways Resources/ Watch Entire Program) Even before the white man entered the upper mid-west region of the United States, borders have marked the various territories of the people living in the region. With the advancement of the white culture those borders have become less fluid. Even so, the borders of South Dakota have changed with the times. This episode looks at how borders have affected our growth as a state and influenced how we live.

(Verendrye Plate, Indians, Native Americans, French-British War, Louisiana Purchase, War of 1812, Dakota Territory, State Borders, Allotment Act, Homestead Act, of Napoleon Bonaparte, Lewis and Clark, satellites, USGS EROS Data Center, Independence Peace Garden, survey, explorers, cartography, Manuel Lisa, France, Spain, Lincolnland, reservation, Fort Laramie Treaty, Star Spangled Banner)
Dakota Pathways Episode 13 - Big Towns, Little Towns Dakota Pathways Resources

What makes a town grow? What makes a town shrink? Why do some towns form by rivers and others out on the prairie? This episode looks at what has made towns like Sioux Falls and Rapid City grow continuously and why some towns like Detroit SD disappear. It examines the economics of city growth and rural decline throughout our state's history.

(factory, jobs, Government, farming, mining, tourism, ghost town, Dakota Territory, college, university, Aberdeen – Hub City, railroad, Mount Rushmore National Memorial, Aberdeen, Sioux Falls, Pierre, Huron, Watertown, Keystone, niche)
Dakota Pathways Episode 14 - Playing Games Dakota Pathways Resources

Sports have always played a role in the lives of human beings. This was true of the early Native Americans who lived in this region and it was true of our earliest settlers. This program explores the role of sports, both professional and amateur, in our state's history. For a rural state, South Dakota has produced a number of world-class athletes. This episode of Dakota Pathways takes a look at the ins and outs of a wide variety of sports in South Dakota.

(Title Nine, gender, Billy Mills, American Legion Baseball, World Series, Olympics, football, State Championship, baseball, rodeo, Lakota Nations, golf, volleyball, wrestling, Becky Hammon, track, SuAnne Big Crow, sportsmanship, teammate)
Dakota Pathways Episode 15 - Finding a National Voice Dakota Pathways Resources

While South Dakota may be a rural state with a small population, it has always had a national voice. That voice has been in the form of a number of political players in congress and beyond. This episode looks at the likes of Richard Pettigrew, Peter Norbeck, Gertrude Bonnin, Gladys Pyle, Karl Mundt and George McGovern to see just what it means to represent a state in Washington politics. Over the years we have had both liberal and conservative representation. It's politics South Dakota style.

(Potomic Fever, election, Francis Case, Ben Reifel, Larry Pressler, Tom Daschle, Stephanie Herseth, John Thune, Senator, Representative, vote, election, lobbyist, National Council of American Indians, Senate, House of Representatives, Spanish-American War, Legislature, Government, William McKinley, Elsie Meeks, education)
Dakota Pathways Episode 16 - On Vacation Dakota Pathways Resources

What would life in South Dakota be without vacation time? This episode explores how leisure and travel have been entwined with the history of South Dakota from the earliest times. Even in the 1830s visitors "vacationed" here to see our natural wonders. Tourism is the second largest industry in our state. From Mount Rushmore National Memorial to the great lakes on the Missouri, from the lower James River Valley to the lake country of Sisseton, South Dakota is a vacation wonderland. We look at the history of tourism and how it has grown and why.

(leisure, attractions, outdoor sports, recreation, relaxation, work, weekend, Hot Springs, Rapid City, Black Hills, Corn Palace, Mitchell, hunting, fishing, ring-necked pheasant, Game Fish and Parks, fish hatchery, Calvin Coolidge, Gutzon Borglum, Wall Drug Store, Crazy Horse, Korczak Ziolkowski, Black and Yellow Trail, Sioux Falls, Sturgis Motorcycle Rally, Badlands, Oyate Trail, Interstate 90, Interstate 29, Native American, Indian, reservation)
Dakota Pathways Episode 17 - The Home Front Dakota Pathways Resources

During every war in which the citizens of our state participated, there were those who went to war and those who stayed home. But staying home did not mean not supporting our troops. Those who stayed behind contributed to the defense of our country in their own special ways. Some worked in manufacturing plants producing armaments and ammunition, some continued to till the land and produce food for the troops. Children even participated by having newspaper and scrap metal drives. This episode looks at how our citizens participated in the war efforts of our nation "on the home front."

(Geneva Convention, Victory Garden, prisoner of war, Spanish-American War, World War I, World War II, The Great War, Woodrow Wilson, democracy, communism, war to end all wars, reservation, Native American, Indian, war bonds, citizens, Korean War, Vietnam War, rations, Hutterite, Minuteman Missile, ICBM (intercontinental ballistic missile), Berlin Wall, Soviet Union, The Cold War, hot war, balloon bombs, Gulf War, Army, National Guard, Marines, Army Air Corp, Ellsworth Air Force Base, canteen, pheasant sandwich, milk week seed pods)
Dakota Pathways Episode 18 - Cowboys of the Open Range Dakota Pathways Resources

During the late 19th and early 20th Century, as South Dakota grew, first as a Territory and later as a State, there was a major attraction drawing people to the region, other than gold. The vast open prairies of western South Dakota were ideal for raising cattle. In the early days it was the open range, unfenced and vast, that attracted a unique breed of men: Cowboys. Even after the fencing of the plains with the invention of barbed wire, the cowboy life was to continue. This episode looks at the life of the early cowboys on the open range and shows how it helped to make us the state we are today. (chuckwagon, grass, hay, bail, barn, winter, blizzard, brand, fence, cow, graze, molasses, herd, Kyle Evans, Philip, Lemmon, Murdo, grama grass, wheat grass, cattlemen, Grand River, Moreau River, Belle Fourche River, Cheyenne River, Bad River, Native American, Indian, reservation, 1902 Roundup, water, market, Bonanza, devils rope, rodeo, wrangler, night hawk, herder, slaughter, Joseph Glidden)
Dakota Pathways Episode 19 - Telling Stories Dakota Pathways Resources

South Dakota's history is filled with a wide variety of stories to be told and story-tellers to tell them. From Zitkala-Sa (Gertrude Simmons Bonnin) to Laura Ingalls Wilder; from L. Frank Baum, to Virginia Driving Hawk Sneve, South Dakota has been graced with fine authors and great story-tellers. This episode takes a look at several of them and even reenacts some of their stories.

(Jean Patrick, Badger Clark, Native American, Indian, Trickster and the Troll, National Humanities Medal, Little House on the Prairie, Old Indian Days, Charles Eastman, Wizard of Oz, By the Shores of Silver Lake, survey's house, Paul Goble, The Lost Children, Discontented Gopher, Nancy Veglahn, The Buffalo King, Pamela Hill Smith, Ghost House, stories, books, legend, fiction, nonfiction)
Dakota Pathways Episode 19 - Telling Stories (Clip) South Dakota DOE - Oceti Sakowin Essential Understandings and Standards
(Essential Understanding 5: OSEUS5)

Dakota Pathways: History and Legend (Dakota Pathways Resources/ Watch Entire Program)
South Dakota's history is filled with a wide variety of stories to be told and story-tellers to tell them. From Zitkala-Sa (Gertrude Simmons Bonnin) to Laura Ingalls Wilder; from L. Frank Baum, to Virginia Driving Hawk Sneve, South Dakota has been graced with fine authors and great story-tellers. This episode takes a look at several of them and even reenacts some of their stories.

(Jean Patrick, Badger Clark, Native American, Indian, Trickster and the Troll, National Humanities Medal, Little House on the Prairie, Old Indian Days, Charles Eastman, Wizard of Oz, By the Shores of Silver Lake, survey's house, Paul Goble, The Lost Children, Discontented Gopher, Nancy Veglahn, The Buffalo King, Pamela Hill Smith, Ghost House, stories, books, legend, fiction, nonfiction)
Dakota Pathways Episode 2 - Stories from the Skies Dakota Pathways Resources

This segment takes a look at the history of the state through stories from the skies. It looks at Native American beliefs about the sky, how weather such as blizzards and tornadoes affected settlement and at important people such as George McGovern, Governor Joe Foss and Clyde Ice who were pilots and heroes. From blizzards to sandstorms the sky has always played an important role in shaping our state. It has affected artists and writers, Lakota Medicine Men and common settlers and resulted in many stories from the sky.

(dust, drought, weather, Black Elk, Bear Butte, Noaha-vose, Mato Paha, plane, Explorer II, WWII, EROS)


Dakota Pathways Episode 20 - A Dark Day South Dakota DOE - Oceti Sakowin Essential Understandings and Standards
(Essential Understanding 5: OSEUS5)
(Essential Understanding 6: OSEUS6)

Dakota Pathways Resources

There is no darker day in South Dakota History than December 29, 1890, the day of the massacre at Wounded Knee. On this dark day, eighty-four Minneconjou men, forty-four women, and eighteen children died on the frozen plains of South Dakota. Thirty-one of the 470 Cavalry soldiers at the scene also died. What led up to this horrible day? Why, were so many women and children slaughtered in what was, at first, called a battle and later became known as a massacre? This episode looks at both sides of the story and tries to make sense of it all. It also looks at what this incident has meant to the Lakota people for the past one-hundred plus years. It does not take sides, but rather, tries to explain the cause and effects of this dark day in our history.

(The Ghost Dance, confrontation, culture, Native American, Indian, dime novels, Richard Pettigrew, Indian Agent, Daniel Royer, Standing Rock, Marie Fox Belly, Lost Bird Society, Little Big Horn, Colonel James W. Forsyth, Ghost Shirt, Ghost Dance, reservation, Cheyenne River, US Army 7th Calvary, Chief Big Foot, Chief Sitting Bull, Pyramid Lake Reservation, Paiute People, September 11th, Twin Towers, traditional, culture, 1973 Wounded Knee, buffalo, Pine Ridge, treaty, war party)
Dakota Pathways Episode 3 - The Mighty Mo' Dakota Pathways Resources

Throughout our history, and even before human habitation, the Missouri River has played a major role in shaping not only the physical geography of the state, but the human geography as well. This episode looks at the many ways the Missouri has impacted human habitation of the state and region. It was the life source for many early Indian tribes, a watery highway for early settlement and exploration. It has also supplied the state with water and energy as it was dammed in the last century for hydropower and irrigation.

(boat, buffalo, pelt, fur trade, Native American, flood, Lewis and Clark, bridge, dam)

Dakota Pathways Episode 4 - East River, West River Dakota Pathways Resources

Even before statehood, the Missouri River has divided the state and her people into two distinct regions, East River and West River. With farming in the east and ranching in the west, South Dakota has always had a split personality. The east is more like the eastern United States and the west river area is more like the wild west. Even the weather changes east to west. More rain in the east makes raising crops easier. Less rain in the west makes raising cattle more common. This program looks at the history of the state and how the east river, west river split has affected the growth of the state.

(meridians, water, planting, hay, harvest, tractor, horse, cowboy, fence, brand, roundup, Native American, Indian, cattle, reservation)
Dakota Pathways Episode 5 - The First Hunters and Farmers Dakota Pathways Resources

The region we call South Dakota has not always been home to its present population. In very early times, Mammoth Hunters lived and roamed the area. After them came the people of the corn, Paleo-Indian tribes that moved up into the region from Mexico, following the rivers that supplied water for their crops of corn, squash and beans. Later, the Mandan, Arikara and Dakota people moved into the region. This episode looks at our history through the eyes of paleontologists, scientists who explore the past by examining the remains of ancient cultures.

(buffalo, bison, ruins, petroglyphs, artifacts, migration, archeologists, mammoths, pemmican, prehistoric, arrowhead, cache pit)
Dakota Pathways Episode 6 - Mining Booms and Busts Dakota Pathways Resources

The white history of South Dakota can be traced over the last century and a half through the booms and busts of the mining industry in the region. Gold was and still is mined in the Black Hills, silver and other minerals have been mined all over the state. Coal, oil and even uranium have been dug out the the ground in our state. These mining pursuits have affect how the state expanded, prospered and failed. In this episode we look at the boom times and the bust times of mining in our state.

(Homestake, quartzite, granite, pavers, cement, miner, settlement, open cut, drifts, shafts, winzes, mucking, stope, quarry)
Dakota Pathways Episode 7 - Water and Dust Dakota Pathways Resources

Much of the settlement of the state can be examined by looking at how water and dust have played a major role in its human occupation. The many rivers in South Dakota, from the small Keya Paha in the south central part of the state, to the Mighty Missouri running through its heart, have provided life giving waters and life taking floods. Too little water also played havoc on human lives. This episode examines the great floods and dust storms as well as the good times when water led to boom years and good crops.

(Dirty Thirties, hydroelectric, dam, spring, artesian well, turbine, Native American, Indian, lake)
Dakota Pathways Episode 8 - History and Legend Dakota Pathways Resources

Much of the history of the state has generated legends and stories of bold adventurers and evil desperadoes. This episode examines the myths and legends and attempts to separate out the true history from the tall tales. Wild Bill Hitchcock, Calamity Jane, Hugh Glass and Jesse James are just a few of the characters investigated in this program.

(Native American, Indian, Enemy Swim, Winyanpaha, Thoen Stone, tall tale)
Dakota Pathways Episode 8 - History and Legend (Clip) South Dakota DOE - Oceti Sakowin Essential Understandings and Standards
(Essential Understanding 5: OSEUS5)

Dakota Pathways: History and Legend (Dakota Pathways Resources/ Watch Entire Program) Much of the history of the state has generated legends and stories of bold adventurers and evil desperadoes. This episode examines the myths and legends and attempts to separate out the true history from the tall tales. Wild Bill Hitchcock, Calamity Jane, Hugh Glass and Jesse James are just a few of the characters investigated in this program.

(Native American, Indian, Enemy Swim, Winyanpaha, Thoen Stone, tall tale)
Dakota Pathways Episode 9 - People of the Bison South Dakota DOE - Oceti Sakowin Essential Understandings and Standards
(Essential Understanding 6: OSEUS6)
(Essential Understanding 7: OSEUS7)

Dakota Pathways Resources

The Lakota, Nakota and Dakota people have long made this region of the country home. The bison or buffalo played a major role in their lives. From the buffalo they got hides for their teepees, bones for their tools and meat for their food. And even spirit for their souls. As the bison migrated in the great circle of life, so did the people. They were, after all, people of the bison.

(Piece Pipe, Crazy Horse, Red Cloud, Powwow, warrior, Sioux, starvation, segregation, reservation, agencies, Native American, Indian, Hunter, Scotty Philip)
South Dakota Heroes Click here for resources about South Dakota Heroes

Local Heroes - Includes personal stories about the depression era and WWII to the 211th Engineering Company's recent tour in Afghanistan.

Active Duty: An online collection of news reports, an online diary and video from the 211th Engineering Company's recent tour in Afghanistan.

American Ace - The Joe Foss Story: American Ace is the story of Joe Foss, a World War II ace, Medal of Honor winner and governor.

Dakota Heroes: SDPB Radio looks at the state's role in this global conflict with a one-hour documentary, DAKOTA HEROES. The program earned a prestigious national Edward R. Murrow Award for documentary in 2002, one of the top journalism awards in the country.

Dakota Pathways - Home Front: This episode looks at how our citizens participated in the war efforts of our nation "on the home front."

HOMEFRONT - South Dakota Stories: HOMEFRONT and WAR stories that were shared with us; we are honored to share them with you.

Korean War Memorial and Survivor Stories: South Dakota Public Broadcasting’s coverage of the parade and dedication can be viewed online.

Pearl Harbor Survivors - SD Stories: South Dakota Public Broadcasting recorded the breathtaking stories of nine survivors.

Vietnam War Memorial Dedication: South Dakota Public Broadcasting’s coverage of the parade, dedication and the Love It or Leave It: Music of the Vietnam Era special can be viewed online.

WWII Memorial Dedication: South Dakota Public Broadcasting’s coverage of the parade and dedication can be viewed online.


South Dakota Public Broadcasting
Education and Outreach Department
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